Large urban hospitals may generate over two million tonnes of waste each year and consume an average energy that reaches 15 million euros. The problem derived from the handling and disposal of waste raises the need for centres that can manage their waste biosanitary autonomously, as well as adapt its activity to energy efficiency practices. The separation, collection and shipment of the waste follows a process formalized and laid down in legislation, but there is no specific national or European law for sanitary waste. In the majority of clinics and hospitals, treatment and management of hospital waste consist discard them all together: roles of the reception, surgery materials, medicines to then burn them at incinerators. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency identified this mechanism of disposal as the main source of emission of toxins, mercury, lead and other air pollutants that threaten human health and the environment environment. Other centres opt to have them as common waste i.e. delivered to urban collection services, which end up in open dumps, which puts at risk of contagion to persons seeking among the garbage. Filed under: Angelina Jolie.
The European Union is working on a directive on gas emissions from the incineration of hazardous waste through the establishment of very strict limits on the type of ovens and the effectiveness of gas cleaning equipment. To meet these limits it is necessary to install modern technology incinerators, endowed with a specific furnace and a gas high efficiency wash system. A facility technically very sophisticated requiring specialized maintenance and exploitation. The correct management of health care waste reduces the risk to health and the environment but it is rather more expensive than the disposal of common waste. This is one of the reasons why health care facilities should consider the need to minimize the production of waste, and thus lower costs and optimize processes.
Energy saving has become one of the priorities of the administrations since they have to comply with existing energy efficiency legislation. To do this, play an important role new technologies, organic products and those with a longer life cycle that are emerging in the health market. The LEDS are an example. A type of light that consumes five times less and lasts 10 times longer than the halogen, recycling is a good way to eliminate mercury emissions and reduce waste and the disposal of toxic material. The use of natural gas instead of diesel, harnessing the condensation of the air conditioning equipment or the purchase of energy-efficient equipment, are other environmental practices that can be carried out in hospitals. Hospitals purchasing decisions play a very important role, both directly and indirectly, in environmental health. These decisions influence the way they occur the food, the way they are packaged, consumed and discarded. It is what is called organic food, which also takes place in hospitals, which respects the environment, is viable economic and responsible globally social level. The environmental policy of hospitals, clinics and health centers requires important changes and the introduction of measures to optimize its resources and produce less polluting energies. Minimize the amount and toxicity of waste, reducing electricity consumption and adopt policies for the use of products, materials and safer chemicals is the guarantee of a sector that not only ensures the health of individuals, but also by the world in which they live. The Mercury thermometer allow passage to the electric.