Today, with a diesel engine searches for water in the subsoil, (aquifer), surface waters, like groundwater, are not sufficient, at least at the time and in the desired location. Increasing the exploitation of aquifers and, thus, introduces a new component in environmental injustice pervasive in the world (and in each country). The criticism of the idea of development, as environmentalists had formulated it in the 60s-70s, turned to eco-development and, later, to sustainable development, and through those tortuous paths the very idea of development was revived; the Stockholm Conference and the Conference of Rio de Janeiro, not only have intensified the rhythms of exploitation and transformation of resources, have also arisen new strategies of intervention of nature, as well as new manifestations of ecological risks and their impacts. Leaves no of scared when we heard that water or biodiversity should be treated as a world heritage site and then identify the interests of the rich countries in the Amazon region there. Ricardo Petrella (2001) Italian warned that exactly as heritage of humanity, the water, the air or knowledge are resources that can not be privatized, either by national or transnational corporations. So we conclude that you part of the well-being of the human population directly or indirectly depends on biological diversity; is through the use of numerous species or the enjoyment of intangible services that systemic echo results from processes. The emergence of the indigenous and peasant struggles in favour of natural resources constitutes the struggle for the conservation of biodiversity, the struggle for life. The indigenous and peasant communities in Latin America and the world are carriers of a millenarian knowledge about biodiversity, plants, animals, water and climate.
Scientific research has shown that three quarters of all the prescription drugs of vegetable origin, found in the world market is about 43,000 million dollars – according to Rural Advancement Foundation International, (year 95) were discovered because of its previous use in indigenous medicine. They are societies that have based their material and energetic civilizing process biomass and biodiversity, with a specific way of conceiving the interplay between nature and society in a vital way. Authors like Bawa and Gadgil (1997) recognize indigenous peoples as people of the ecosystem that form for millennia culturales-naturales landscapes. The capital then lies in a great dilemma on the one hand needs to steal the indigenous knowledge and on the other to deal with the process of exclusion and extermination of the cultures and indigenous communities of the ORB, phenomenon that is already proving to be contradictory.